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    小知識-挖掘機挖斗有哪幾類?

    日期:2018-10-31   來源:http://www.xjltc.com/
    加長臂發掘機租借教你辨認發掘機挖斗的分類:
     
    Hire a long arm excavator to hire you to identify the classification of excavator bucket.
     
    依據其機械動作原理的不同,分為正鏟、反鏟、抓斗、拉鏟。
     
    According to their mechanical action principle, they are divided into positive shovel, backhoe, grab bucket and dragline.
    加長臂挖掘機出租
    依據其結構原料功用的不同:分為規范型挖斗,加強型挖斗,巖石型挖斗
     
    According to the different functions of their structural materials, they are divided into standard bucket, reinforced bucket and rock bucket.
     
    依據其工況功用效果的不同:分為土方斗、巖石斗、松土斗、水溝斗、柵搏斗、抓斗、清潔斗、歪斜斗等。
     
    According to the different working conditions, they can be divided into earthwork bucket, rock bucket, loosening bucket, ditch bucket, grid bucket, grab bucket, cleaning bucket, skew bucket and so on.
     
    依據其機械動作的不同,分為正鏟、反鏟、抓斗、拉鏟。
     
    According to their mechanical action, they are divided into positive shovel, backhoe, grab bucket and dragline.
     
    發掘機正鏟鉸裝于斗桿端部,經過油缸驅動,作業時發掘力由下向上,發掘軌道常呈弧線,適于開挖停機面以上的沙土、碎石、煤礦等作業。
     
    The excavator shovel is hinged at the end of the bucket rod, driven by the cylinder, and the excavation force is driven from the bottom to the top. The excavation track is often in an arc, which is suitable for excavating sand, gravel and coal mines above the stopping surface.
     
    發掘機反鏟:與斗桿連桿鉸接,經過油缸驅動,作業時發掘力由上向下,發掘軌道呈圓弧線,適于開挖停機面以下的土層、砂石、煤礦等施工作業。
     
    Excavator backhoe: articulated with bucket rod connecting rod, driven by oil cylinder, the excavation force is up and down during operation, and the excavation track is in circular arc. It is suitable for excavating the soil layer, sand and stone, coal mine and other construction operations below the stopping surface.
     
    發掘機抓斗似貝殼形,使用液壓油缸驅動抓斗似貝殼的張合來抓取物料或是繩子卷揚筆直依自重切入物料機械抓??;一般應用于修建基坑發掘、深坑發掘及煤、沙、坭、碎石等較松懈物料的裝載,特別適用于溝或受限制的空間的一側進行發掘或裝載。
     
    Excavator grab is like shell, using hydraulic cylinder to drive grab like shell to grasp materials or rope hoisted straight in accordance with self-weight into the mechanical grasp of materials; generally used in the construction of foundation pit excavation, deep pit excavation and coal, sand, pick, gravel and other loose materials loading, especially suitable for ditches or restricted space Excavation or loading on one side.
     
    發掘機拉鏟呈畚箕形,有齒座板與斗齒。作業時將鏟斗擲于發掘面上,鏟齒借自重切入土層,然后經過引索拉曳鏟斗發掘,挖滿后由提高索將斗提起,經過轉向臺轉向調理卸土點,鏟斗翻轉卸土??赏谕C面以下的土壤,但發掘精度差。
     
    The excavator dragline has a dustpan shape, a toothed seat plate and bucket teeth. During the excavation, the bucket is thrown on the excavation surface, and the tooth of the bucket cuts into the soil layer with its own weight. After excavation, the bucket is lifted by the lifting rope after being excavated. After turning to the turntable, the bucket is turned over and unloaded. The soil below the downtime can be excavated, but the excavation accuracy is poor.
     
    發掘機挖斗按結構原料功用分為:規范型挖斗、加強型挖斗、巖石型挖斗。
     
    Excavating machine bucket is divided into standard bucket, reinforced bucket and rock bucket according to the function of structural material.
     
    規范型挖斗資料選用國產優質高強度結構鋼Q345B,規范斗特色:斗口面積較大,具有較大的堆裝面,因而具有較高的裝滿系數;節約作業時刻,效率高。適用環境一般黏土的發掘和沙、土、礫石的裝載等輕作業環境。
     
    The data of the standard type hopper is made of high quality and high strength structural steel Q345B. The characteristics of the standard hopper are as follows: the area of the hopper mouth is large and the stacking surface is large, so the hopper has a higher filling coefficient, and the working time is saved and the efficiency is high. It is suitable for the excavation of environmental general clay and light working environment such as sand, soil and gravel loading.
     
    加強型挖斗是在規范型挖斗的基礎上對高應力和易損部位選用高強耐磨鋼資料進行制作和補強;易損部位齒座板和側刃板資料選用國產優質高強度耐磨鋼NM360,板材加厚,延長使用壽數。承繼了規范斗的一切長處并較大的提高了強度和耐磨性。適用環境為發掘硬土、碎石、礫石的裝載等重載作業。
     
    Strengthened bucket is made of high-strength and wear-resistant steel material for high-stress and vulnerable parts on the basis of standard bucket, and high-quality and high-strength wear-resistant steel NM360 is selected for tooth base plate and side edge plate for vulnerable parts, and the plate is thickened to prolong service life. It has inherited all the virtues of specification bucket and has greatly improved its strength and wear resistance. The suitable environment is to excavate hard soil, gravel and gravel loading.
     
    巖石型挖斗底部添加加固板;添加側護板;設備防護板,在挖斗的底部選用雙圓弧規劃,以添加踵部的接地空隙,減輕磨損;在與斗桿連接處選用空隙可調理套設備;選用瑞典HARDOX超高強度耐磨鋼,使產品壽數延長了幾倍;斗齒用巖石專用斗齒。使產品的可靠性高、發掘功用更好、經濟性更為杰出。適用環境:土中混有較硬石塊、次堅石、風化石的發掘;堅石、爆炸后的礦石的裝載等重作業。
     
    In order to reduce wear and tear, double circular arc plan is adopted at the bottom of the excavator to add grounding gap at the heel, adjustable gap sleeve equipment is selected at the connection with bucket bar, Swedish HARDOX ultra-high strength wear-resistant steel is selected to prolong the life of the product several times. Special rock teeth for bucket teeth. The product has high reliability, better excavating function and better economic performance. Applicable environment: excavation of hard stones, sub-hard stones and weathered fossils mixed in soil; loading of hard stones and explosive ores etc.
     
    發掘機挖斗按工況功用效果還分為土方斗、巖石斗、松土斗、水溝斗、篩搏斗、抓斗、清潔斗、歪斜斗等。
     
    The excavator bucket can also be divided into earthwork bucket, rock bucket, loosening bucket, ditch bucket, sieve bucket, grab bucket, cleaning bucket, skew bucket and so on.
     
    土方斗:一般用于粘土的發掘和沙、土、礫石的裝載等輕作業環境。斗口面積較大,具有較大的堆裝面,因而具有較高的裝滿系數;節約作業時刻,效率高。
     
    Earthwork bucket: generally used for excavation of clay and light working environment such as sand, earth and gravel loading. Bucket mouth area is larger, with a larger stacking surface, so it has a higher filling coefficient; save operating time, high efficiency.
     
    巖石斗:用于土中混有較硬石塊、次堅石、風化石的發掘;堅石、爆炸后的礦石的裝載等重作業。強度耐磨鋼,發掘功用更好、經濟性更為杰出。
     
    Rock bucket: It is used to excavate hard stone, sub-hard stone and weathered fossil mixed with soil, and to load hard stone and explosive ore. Strength wear-resistant steel, excavation function better, economic excellence.
     
    松土斗:用于硬土或是凍土施工作業,一般有單齒或多齒,斗齒尖銳,容易破土。
     
    Loosening bucket: used in hard or frozen soil construction operations, usually with single or multiple teeth, bucket teeth sharp, easy to break the soil.
     
    水溝斗:適用于各種形狀水溝的開挖,水溝開挖一次成形,無需修整,作業效率高。
     
    Ditch bucket: Suitable for all kinds of ditches excavation, ditch excavation once formed, no need to repair, high efficiency.
     
    篩搏斗:適用于別離較松懈物料的發掘,發掘與別離一次完成,廣泛用于市政、農業、林業、水利、土石方工程。
     
    Screening and Fighting: Suitable for the excavation of loose materials, excavation and parting once completed, widely used in municipal, agricultural, forestry, water conservancy, earthwork.
     
    抓斗:筆直抓取,適用于修建地基的基坑發掘、深坑發掘及煤、沙、坭、碎石等那些較松懈物料的裝載等,特別適用于溝或受限制的空間的一側進行發掘或裝載。
     
    Grab: Straight grasp, suitable for excavation of foundation pit, excavation of deep pit and loading of loose materials such as coal, sand, pickaxe and gravel, especially for excavation or loading on one side of ditch or restricted space.
     
    清潔斗及歪斜斗:適用于斜坡等平面的修整及河道、水溝的大容量清淤、清潔工作,其間歪斜斗能經過油缸來改變清潔斗的歪斜視點,大大提高工作效率。
     
    Cleaning bucket and inclined bucket: It is suitable for the rectification of slope and other plane, large capacity dredging and cleaning of river and ditch, during which the inclined bucket can change the inclined view of the cleaning bucket through the oil tank, greatly improving the working efficiency.
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